AboutEtien Santiago is a licensed architect and architectural historian who investigates the impact of new technologies on architecture and society. He specializes in architectural history and theory from the nineteenth century to the present, architectural uses of cutting-edge structural and construction techniques, and theoretical debates about machine or digital culture. Etien holds an M.Arch. with distinction from the Harvard Graduate School of Design as well as a B.Arch. and B.A. cum laude from Rice University. His Ph.D. dissertation, being completed at Harvard, uncovers how the cultural and intellectual context of World War I shaped architects’ appropriation of pioneering military construction techniques, from which they sought to create new forms of affordable housing. Previously he has worked at architecture firms such as the Renzo Piano Building Workshop. Etien teaches architectural studio, architectural history, and structures classes in the J. Irwin Miller Architecture Program based in Columbus, Indiana.